Ardrey, Robert (1908-1990)
Scope:
The Robert Ardrey collection includes manuscripts and correspondence.

Ardrey’s manuscripts begin, chronologically, with his plays. These include Star-Spangled (first produced on Broadway at John Golden Theatre, Mar. 10, 1936; published by Samuel French, 1937); Casey Jones (first produced on Broadway at Fulton (Helen Hayes) Theatre , Feb. 19, 1938); Thunder Rock (first produced on Broadway at Mansfield (Brooks Atkinson) Theatre, Nov. 14, 1939; published by Hamish Hamilton, 1940); Jeb (first produced on Broadway at Martin Beck Theatre, Feb. 21, 1946); Sing Me No Lullaby (first produced off-Broadway at the Phoenix Theatre, Oct. 14, 1954; published by Dramatists Play Service, 1955); and Shadow of Heroes: A Play in Five Acts from the Hungarian Passion (first produced on the West End at Piccadilly Theatre, Oct. 7, 1959; published by Collins, 1958).

Ardrey’s manuscripts also include most of his screenplays. These include The Green Years (based on A. J. Cronin’s novel; MGM, 1946); The Three Musketeers (based on A. Dumas’s novel; MGM, 1948); Gone to Texas (unproduced, 1949); The Secret Garden (based on Frances Hodgson Burnett’s novel; MGM, 1949); Madame Bovary (based on G. Flaubert’s novel; MGM, 1949); The Castaways (unproduced, 1952; used later by Ardrey as the outline for his novel The Brotherhood of Fear ); Quentin Durward (based on Sir Walter Scott’s novel; MGM, 1955); Bhowani Junction (MGM, 1956); The Power and the Prize (based on Howard Swiggett’s novel; MGM, 1956); The Moment of Truth (unproduced, 1956); The Wonderful Country (based on Tom Lea's novel; United Artists, 1959); The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (based on Vicente Blasco Ibanez’s novel; rewritten by John Gay, under film director Vicente Minelli’s supervision, to accommodate the casting of Glenn Ford; MGM, 1962); and Khartoum (United Artists, 1966).

The third phase of Ardrey’s career – his anthropological writings – are represented in the collection by African Genesis: A Personal Investigation into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man (Atheneum, 1961); The Territorial Imperative: A Personal Inquiry into the Animal Origins of Property and Nations (Atheneum, 1966); and The Social Contract: A Personal Inquiry into the Evolutionary Sources of Order and Disorder (Atheneum, 1970).

Also included in the collection is Ardrey’s last manuscript, The Education of Robert Ardrey: An Autobiography (ca. 1980), edited and prefaced by Ardrey’s son, Daniel Ardrey.

Correspondence in the collection primarily consists of Ardrey’s letters to and from various publishers and agents, including Atheneum, A. D. Peters (Peters, Fraser and Dunlop), W. A. R. Collins, Sol Stein of Stein and Day, and others.

Notable correspondence in the collection consists of numerous letters to and from Julian Blaustein, including several regarding Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse and Khartoum . Also notable is a letter to Ardrey from Max Eastman.
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Notable Figures
1. Ardrey, Robert
Associated Subjects
1. Literary Collections Subject Guide
2. Theatre and Film Subject Guide
3. Screenwriters – United States
4. Anthropologists -- United States.
5. Plays – United States
6. Authors, American
7. Motion picture authorship – United States
8. Screenplays – United States
9. American drama -- 20th century
10. Autobiographies
11. Dramatists – United States
12. American literature--20th century