Cherne, Leo (1912-1999)
Scope:
The Leo Cherne collection primarily consists of the personal and professional files of Cherne, related to his philanthropic, governmental, political, business, educational, and artistic interests.  The files are especially rich in material regarding the Research Institute of America (RIA), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Freedom House, the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).  In addition to the files, the collection contains manuscripts, audio recordings, printed material, correspondence, research material, photographs, scrapbooks, and other material.

The files include various types of documents, including correspondence, printed items, notes, manuscripts, photographs, and other items.  In addition to the organizations mentioned above, significant topics include American politics and politicians, the Soviet Union and Russia, the Cold War, Vietnam, Communism, human rights, Eastern Europe, various world leaders, media appearances by Cherne, legal issues, talks and speeches by Cherne, war and mobilization, the Cherne family, San Francisco, the Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Co., U.S. national security, Joseph McCarthy, human rights, Japan, and other topics.

Audio recordings in the collection date from 1941 to 1999.  They include numerous lectures, speeches, press conferences, meetings, oral histories, interviews, conferences, announcements, media appearances, and other recordings.  Notable items include an interview with Lyndon B. Johnson on his ranch; interviews with Henry Kissinger; General Douglas MacArthur receiving the Sylvanus Thayer Award at West Point (1962); and a conference including Norman Thomas, James Wechsler, Harry Schwartz, Howard Smith, and Richard Hottelet regarding relations with the Soviet Union.

Correspondence in the collection includes personal and professional letters to and from Cherne, dating from 1937 to 2001.  Notable correspondents include Norman Cousins, Peter Lisagor, Rex Stout, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Steve Forbes, Hugh Downs, Gerald Ford, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Hubert Humphrey, Walter Mondale, Richard Nixon, Donald Rumsfleld, Stansfield Turner, Frank Stanton, and others.

One section of the Cherne papers consists entirely of material regarding Clarence Darrow which was not given to the U.S. Library of Congress by Cherne in 1946.  These papers include: letters about Cherne's acquisition of the papers, as well as an inventory and appraisals of the material; material on bribery trials, the Massie manslaughter trial, the McNamara, Haywood, and Sweet cases, capital punishment, and Darrow's work against Prohibition; editorial correspondence and sympathy letters; miscellaneous manuscripts by Darrow; a file of documents regarding Irving Stone; and other items.  Notable correspondents (mostly telegrams from these individuals) include Eugene Debs, Samuel Gompers, Hutchins Hapgood, MacKinlay Kantor, Helen Keller, Edgar Lee Masters, H.L. Mencken, Charles Edward Russell, Arthur Spingarn, and Lincoln Steffens.
Notable Figures
1. Cherne, Leo, 1912-1999
Associated Subjects
1. Public Affairs Subject Guide
2. The Vietnam War Subject Guide
3. Espionage Subject Guide
4. Refugees – Economic aspects
5. Intelligence service – United States
6. Sculptors – United States
7. Videotapes
8. Sculpture, American
9. Economists – United States
10. Audiotapes
11. Economics
12. Photographs