Ingersoll, Ralph (1900-1985)
Scope:
The Ralph Ingersoll collection is divided into two parts. Part one consists of the papers of Ingersoll's ancestors, many of whom were heavily involved in politics in the 1800s and early 1900s. There are many scrapbooks and an abundance of correspondence from key political figures of that era. Part two documents the life and career of Ingeroll himself, from his childhood until his death. The bulk of the collection consists of files pertaining to the financial and legal aspects of Ingersoll's professional life, as well as his personal life. In addition, there is a large amount of correspondence, diaries, photographs, scrapbooks, and personal memorabilia. While almost every aspect of his life is documented, there is a concentration on the years 1955 to 1975 when he ran Ingersoll Publications.

The family papers in part one include various documents regarding the Pratt family, the Ven den Heuvel family, and the Ingersoll family.

The Pratt family material includes manuscripts, correspondence, financial material, scrapbooks, photographs, printed material, memorabilia, journals, notebooks, and other items regarding Zadock Pratt, George W. Pratt, and Julia Helen Pratt Ingersoll. Notable correspondents include Jay Gould, Hamilton Fish, John Dix, Washington Irving, Winfield Scott, Samuel F. B. Morse, James Buchanan, Stephen A. Douglas, and Martin Van Buren. Other notable items include a lithograph, by W. Strickland, of the original plans for the Washington Monument (designed by Zadock Pratt) and Julia Helen Pratt Ingeroll's handwritten recipe book (recipes dated 1794 and 1867).

The Van den Heuvel family material includes correspondence and memorabilia regarding Jean Corville Van den Heuvel, Jacob Adrien Van den Heuvel, and Margaret Van den Heuvel Ingersoll. Notable correspondents include James C. Calhoun and William H. Seward. Other notable items include an original parchment deed for land on Manhattan Island dated 1791.

The Ingersoll family material includes memorabilia, correspondence, diaries and journals, scrapbooks, printed material, photographs, manuscripts, and other items regarding Charles R. Ingersoll, Ralph Isaacs Ingersoll, Colin Macrae Ingersoll, Colin Macrae Ingeroll, Jr., George Pratt Ingersoll, Theresa McAllister Ingersoll, and various other family members. Notable correspondents include James Polk, John C. Calhoun, J. J. Astor, Franklin Pierce, Woodrow Wilson, Newton D. Baker, Chakrabonys Petsanulop (Crown Prince of Siam), Charles Dana Gibson, Rufus W. Peckham, Hamilton Fish, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and John Tyler. Other notable items include Ralph Isaacs Ingersoll's diaries and scrapbook kept during his tenure as U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to the Imperial Court of Russia (1847-1849) as well as his son, Colin Macrae Ingeroll's, diaries and scrapbook describing the same time (and other journeys through Europe); diplomatic memorabilia used by Ralph Isaac Ingersoll while at the Russian court; Colin Macrae Ingeroll, Jr.'s diary and scrapbook of his trip to Alaska (ca. 1912) for the Alaska Railroad Commission; George Pratt Ingersoll's scrapbooks and photo album regarding his tenure as the U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Siam (now Thailand), 1917-ca. 1920; Colin M. Ingeroll III's scrapbooks regarding World War I; Gertrude V. Ingeroll's diary regarding her father's time as a diplomat in Siam (1917-1918); Theresa McAllister Ingeroll's scrapbook kept for her daughter Marion (1892-1898); and several daguerrotypes of various family members.

Part two consists of manuscripts, financial and legal paprs, correspondence, subject files, diaries, photographs, scrapbooks, memorabilia, printed material, artwork, and audio recordings.

Manuscripts for books by Ingersoll in the collection include notes towards In and Under Mexico (Century, 1923); Top Secret (Harcourt, 1946); Wine of Violence (Farrar, Strauss, 1951); All in a Lifetime, an unfinished work later incorporated into his autobiography Point of Departure (Harcourt, 1961); But In the Main It's True, an unpublished book about Charles Marsh (1971); High Time, his unpublished memoir of PM magazine (1955-1980); Time Out for War: A Fragment of an Autobiography (unpublished); Unicorn (unpublished); and various outlines, notes, and drafts of unfinished and/or unpublished works. Other manuscripts by Ingersoll include numerous articles, stories, essays, and reviews for various periodicals (1912-1979); several speeches and interviews (1960s-1972); poetry; and other items. A few miscellaneous manuscripts by others are also present.

Financial and legal papers in the collection primarily consist of business files pertaining to Ingersoll's career as a newspaper publisher, including his stints with Fortune and PM. The files contain correspondence, contracts, newspaper and magazine clippings, prospectuses, and other financial and legal documents. This material dates from 1930 to 1976. Also present are files related to Ingeroll's career as a writer, containing mostly correspondence with publishers, contracts, and royalty statements (1950-1973); and files related to the financial aspects of Ingersoll's personal life, containing bills, correspondence, legal documents, bank statements, receipts, and other items (1927-1984).

Correspondence in the collection dates from 1915 to 1985 and includes letters, cards, telegrams, and other pieces that Ingersoll received as well as carbon copies of letters he sent. Notable correspondents include Kermit Bloomgarden, Omar M. Bradley, Erskine Caldwell, Cass Canfield, Roald Dahl, John Dos Passos, Edna Ferber, Marshall Field, Felix Frankfurter, Theodore S. Geisel, Katharine Graham, Lillian Hellman, Mary Hemingway, Lyndon B. Johnson, Ward Just, Fiorello LaGuardia, Clare Booth Luce, Henry R. Luce, Archibald MacLeish, George McGovern, H. L. Mencken, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Geraldine Morris (several letters), Edward R. Murrow, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harold Ross, Herbert B. Swope, James Thurber, George W. S. Trow, Harry S. Truman, E. B. White, Walter Winchell, and Philip Wylie. Subject files in the collection consist of various items grouped together and arranged by Ingersoll. Prominent yopics include Ingeroll's army records (1942-1977); Ingersoll's children (1954-1965); Thomas Cleland; Sir Francis Drake (research material); the George McGovern Presidential campaign (1972); and the South Pacific. Notable correspondence includes letters from Felix Frankfurter, Benjamin Spock, Omar Bradley, J. W. Fulbright, Hubert H. Humphrey, and George McGovern.

Ingersoll's diaries are dated 1912, 1915, 1919-1925, 1928, 1944-1945, 1964, 1968, and 1970-1971. They are primarily handwritten, with some in typed carbon copy form.

Photographs in the collection date from 1900 to 1985, and includes loose photographs and photos grouped in albums. Notable images include fishing trips with Ernest Hemingway (1921 and 1930s); Ingersoll and E.B. White exploring the headwaters of the Bronx River, with a department store dummy (1920s); Ingersoll with Clare Booth Luce and Henry Luce in Havana (1930s); publicity photos of Ingersoll taken by Margaret Bourke-White (1930s); a photo of Margaret Bourke-White, inscribed to Ingersoll (1940s); photos of Ingersoll with the U.S. 12th Army Group Staff, at St. Lo in Normandy, France, and other army photos (1942-1945); and photos and slides regarding Ingersoll's expeditions in the South Pacific and Polynesia (1970s).

Scrapbooks in the collection date from albums kept by Ingeroll's mother until her death in 1910 to an album of newspaper clippings on Ingersoll's death in 1985. Scrapbooks with letters, photos and research regarding Ingersoll's books include albums on The Battle is the Payoff (1943-1947), with letters from Herbert B. Swope and Henry Morgenthau, Jr.; The Great Ones (ca. 1947); Top Secret (1946-1947), with letters from Gifford Pinchot, Harlan F. Stone, Herbert B. Swope, Jack L. Warner, Bernard Baruch, Harold Ross, H.L. Mencken, Eleanor Roosevelt, Edward R. Murrow, Adam Clayton Powell, E.B. White, and J.W. Fulbright; and Point of Departure. Other scrapbooks include an album of photos, clippings, and manuscripts regarding PM magazine; letters of condolence on the death of Elaine Ingersoll, including letters from Martha Gellhorn, Lillian Hellman, Clare Booth Luce, Benjamin Spock, William L. Shirer, James Thurber, Dorothy Thompson, and others; and a collection of Ingeroll's column "On My Mind" for the Sunday Freeman (1974-1979).

Personal memorabilia in the collection includes various items collected by Ingersoll from his early childhood, his school and college years, his early career, World War II, and his time at PM, as well some awards and other items. Notable items include Ingersoll's pilot log book (1936-1939); various Nazi German items; the U.S. Army Legion of Merit for planning the European invasion in 1944; and the Order of the Belgian Cross for the liberation of Belgium.

Printed material in the collection includes various articles, short stories, and columns by Ingersoll (1941-1979), including Russian versions of Top Secret (1946-1947); items about or mentioning Ingersoll, including booklets, articles, newsletters, newspapers, and magazines (1918-1985); and miscellaneous items, including periodicals, maps, press releases, articles, and reports (including intelligence reports from the First U.S. Infantry Division, 1944-1945).

Artwork in the collection includes drawings, sculptures, and paintings by various artists (including Ingersoll) on different subjects, primarily Ingersoll. Notable works include several pencil drawings by James Thurber (two are dated 1930, the rest are undated) and eight pen-and-watercolor illustrations by Stephen Longstreet (1934-1945). Also present in the collection are some items pertaining to Francis Scott Bradford (he was married to Ingesroll's fourth wife, Thelma Bradford, from 1935 to 1961). These include a large mounted photo of a mural by Bradford at Public School 261 in Brooklyn, New York; architectural model pieces for a ceiling mosaic on the U.S. Government Military Cemetery in Cambridge, England; and two mounted canvas sections of a mural design for the Milwaukee Courthouse (1931).

Audio recordings in the collection include several long-playing record albums pertaining to World War II; Ingersoll's broadcast the night of the Nazi attack on Russia; an "Army Hour" broadcast speech by Ingersoll; an address by Ingersoll from London (1940); interviews with Ingersoll (1940, 1948); and other items.
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Notable Figures
1. Ingersoll, Ralph, 1900-1985
Associated Subjects
1. Journalism Subject Guide
2. Military History Subject Guide
3. Public Affairs Subject Guide
4. New Yorker Magazine Subject Guide
5. Editing and Publishing Subject Guide
6. Diplomacy Subject Guide