Leghorn, Richard (1919-2018)

The Richard S. Leghorn collection is organized into four series; I. Personal Papers, II. Military Career, III. Boston University Optical Laboratory/ITEK, and IV. Post-ITEK/Advisory Work.

Series I: Personal Papers

The Personal Papers series includes correspondence, legal material, printed material, professional material, photographs, manuscripts, memorabilia, and scrapbooks, among other materials.

Correspondence in the series consists of both personal and professional correspondence. Personal correspondence includes general letters from 1938 to 1942, various letters from family and friends from 1950 to 1979, and letters regarding Leghorn’s family genealogy, among letters of various topics. Notable correspondents include Henry Kissinger.

Professional correspondence includes letters regarding the Eastman Kodak Company from 1940 to 1945, various letters from 1948 to 1968, letters regarding the US’s defense policies from 1955 to 1956, letters regarding the disarmament and deterrence article written by Leghorn, and letters regarding the United World Federalists Inc. from 1955 to 1962, among letters of various topics.

Legal material includes Leghorn’s birth certificate, an immigration form from 1936, and passports belonging to Leghorn dating from 1962 to 1987, among other materials.

Printed material consists of articles on Leghorn and his achievements (mostly regarding his involvement in aerial reconnaissance), various newspapers from 1963 to 1994, and a press release on Leghorn’s involvement in Operation Crossroads, among other materials.

Printed material also includes miscellaneous maps, postcards, clippings, flyers, posters, art books, pamphlets, and commemorative stamps.

Professional material in the series consists of subject files on various topics including photography’s role in information hounding, Leghorn’s testimony before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce in 1978, and the Council on Foreign Relations in 1997, among other topics.

Photographs include various personal photographs of Leghorn with his friends and family throughout his life and military photographs from 1945 to 1988.

Manuscripts consist of dafts and finished works by Leghorn on international security and reconnaissance satellites, Leghorn’s 1939 MIT thesis "The Structure of Silica Gel by X-ray Diffraction Methods," and other materials.

Memorabilia includes various D-Day 50th Anniversary items, an MIT Sustaining Fellow Lifetime Member certificate from 1989, educational files containing report cards and other materials from 1929-1945, and a flipchart presentation on political action and overflight of the U.S.S.R, among other materials.

Scrapbooks include scrapbooks of newspaper clippings regarding Leghorn from 1935 to 1946, a scrapbook regarding the 30th Reconnaissance Squadron from 1944 to 1945, and an untitled scrapbook from 1945 to 1949, among other materials.

The series also includes miscellaneous financial material, audio material, and film and video, among other materials.

Series II: Military Career

The Military Career series includes professional material, correspondence, photographs, printed material, memorabilia, film and video, scrapbooks, manuscripts, and other materials.

Professional material includes subject files on various topics including Leghorn’s service records from World War II, including various military documents, from 1940 to 1946; the Diplomatic Post Office from 1945 to 1951; deterrence from 1947 to 1955; service records from the Korean War, including various military documents, from 1951-1953; disarmament papers from 1955; the official report for Operation Crossroads from 1956; and the Air Force Space Command from 1997 to 2006.

Correspondence consists of material to and from Leghorn including: various letters from 1919 to 1948, general military correspondence from 1943 to 1963, correspondence from World War II dating from 1941 to 1946, letters regarding atomic energy from 1947 to 1948, and correspondence from the Korean War dating from 1951 to 1951.

Photographs in the series include an album regarding the 16th Photo Tech Unit in 1945, various photographs regarding the 30th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron from 1944 and 1945, and photographs of other various subjects.

Printed material consists of published material on Operation Crossroads by other authors, various posters regarding governmental and military operations, and magazines and articles by or regarding Leghorn from 1944 to 1997, among other materials.

Memorabilia in the series includes various yearbooks from World War II and the Korean War; various World War II medals including a Bronze Star, a Silver Star, and a Medal for Valor; and 9th Air Force shoulder patches.

The series also includes film and video consisting of VHS tapes regarding John Herther, a scrapbook regarding Operation Crossroads from 1946, a manuscript of a speech on arms control by Leghorn, and various address books.

Series III: BU Optical Lab/ITEK

The Boston University Optical Laboratory/ITEK series includes professional material, printed material, manuscripts, correspondence, audio material, film and video, photographs, scrapbooks, memorabilia, and financial material.

Professional material includes various subject files, alphabetical files, and reports, among other materials, pertaining to arms control and disarmament from the 1950s through the 1980s, Leghorn’s position on mutual deterrence, aerial reconnaissance from the 1950s through the 1990s, the Corona satellite program, ITEK from the 1950s through the 1990s, the National Planning Association, The National Security and Defense Policy of the 1950s, the Open Skies programs from the 1940s through the 1990s, the Pugwash Conferences, US and foreign nuclear capabilities, foreign relations (particularly concerning U.S relations with the U.S.S.R), U-2 aircrafts, the Cold War, chemical weapons and weapons of mass destruction, and the ethical concerns of scientists, among other topics.

Professional material also includes materials for, from, by, or regarding notables including D.G. Brennan, Merton Davies, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon, Jerome H. Spingarn, Leo Szilard, and Aleksandr V. Topchiev, among others.

Printed material consists of material by authors other than Leghorn including published articles, excerpts from books, and other materials, regarding arms control and disarmament, aerial surveillance, national defense, nuclear energy, the U.S.S.R., World Security Systems, Eastman Kodak from 1948 to 1956, the Pugwash Conferences, and ITEK, among other topics.

Manuscripts include various papers and speeches written by Leghorn regarding aerial reconnaissance, nuclear policy, national and world security, ITEK, the Pugwash Conference in 1957, and arms control, among others. Also included are various non-fiction works and papers by authors other than Leghorn regarding the same topics.

Correspondence consists of letters with Michael Amrine from 1953-1956; professional letters with or regarding president Dwight D. Eisenhower; alphabetical files containing letters from the 1950s through the 1960s; various professional memos and interoffice messages; and correspondence regarding the National Planning Association, the USAF Scientific Advisory Board, the Committee for a National Trade Policy, Princeton and NATO from 1958 to 1959, and the Post War Council from 1956 to 1959, among other topics.

Audio material includes cassette tapes and CDs of an interview of Sergei Khrushchev from 1995 and other materials.

Film and video consists of VHS tapes regarding the 35th Anniversary of the Corona Program, Corona teamwork and technology, and leadership and reconnaissance perspectives based off of books published in 2003

The series also includes various photographs and albums featuring Leghorn, a scrapbook containing material regarding Leghorn, memorabilia consisting of an ITEK certificate regarding Leghorn’s resignation in 1962 and a paperweight regarding the Corona program, and miscellaneous financial material.

Series IV: Post-ITEK/Advisory

The Post-ITEK/Advisory Work series includes professional material, correspondence, manuscripts, printed material, and film and video.

Professional material consists of subject files, alphabetical files, and reports regarding 30th Reconnaissance Squadron, aerial reconnaissance, Open Skies overflights from 1995 to 1997, Cargill Hall and oral history, the Space Hall of Fame, the Corona program from 1958 to 1999, national security and defense, arms control and disarmament, the RAND corporation, nuclear energy and war, the Persian Gulf Crisis, Leghorn’s personal history, foreign relations, World War II, World Security System (WSS), the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), the Iraq War, and the Richard S. Leghorn Professorship, among other topics.

Professional material also consists of files regarding notables such as George Bush, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Ronald Reagan, among others.

Correspondence in the series includes files of communications to and from Leghorn consisting of general and personal correspondence from the 1980s through the 2000s that regard arms control and disarmament, the Corona program, RAND, NRO, MIT and Harvard from 1989 to 1995, the Open Skies program, and nuclear energy and weapons, among other topics. Notable correspondents include Dwight D. Eisenhower, Albert Gore, John Herther, John F. Kennedy, Henry Kissinger, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and Donald E. Welzenbach, among others.

Manuscripts include drafts, essays, interviews, speeches, and articles, among other materials, by Leghorn or others pertaining to arms control and disarmament, national security and defense, RAND's observational satellites, Iraq, aerial and strategic reconnaissance, oral history, Robert McNamara, military and political issues in the Middle East, and international peace, among other topics.

Printed material in the series includes published material and internet printouts, mostly by authors other than Leghorn, regarding arms control, Iraq, nuclear policy, open aerial observation, China, anti-trust at the turn of the century, the Gulf War, Bill Clinton’s declassification order in 1995, Cold War aerial reconnaissance, and US and U.S.S.R military interactions from 1957 to 2004, among other topics.

Printed material also includes booklets from 1982 to 1996 and a poster of president Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Film and video consists of VHS tapes and DVDs regarding John Herther, the Corona program, D-Day, aerial reconnaissance, Leghorn’s oral history, and the Space and Missile Pioneers Award, among other topics.

Notable Figures
1. Leghorn, Richard S.
Associated Subjects
1. Espionage Subject Guide
2. Military History Subject Guide